New York City Arraignment Lawyers
- The moment Spodek Law Group is retained we are going to assert our clients right to remain silent and not to be subject to any interrogation by the Police, Detectives and/or agents of the District Attorney’s Office.
- We are going to assert our client’s right for us to be present at any line ups to guarantee that are clients are not placed or dressed in a manner so that they stand out from other suspects.
- We are going to expedite the arrest to arraignment process for our clients. We are going to make sure that they see the arraignment Judge as soon as possible.
- We are going to interview our client as soon as possible and make sure that we have solidified our arguments for the arraignment so that we have the best chance of having our client’s released with no bail.
- We are going to immediately interview any witnesses and photograph evidence of any injuries.
- We are going to work hand in hand with our client’s family, and a bail bondsman if necessary so that sufficient funds are available to bail our client’s out from court directly and avoid being transferred to Rikers Island or other jail facility. We are with our client’s family until our client is released from jail.
- In Felony cases, we are going to analyze whether it is prudent for you to testify at the grand jury, and if there are any witnesses we want to bring to the grand jurors attention. This is a decision that will have to be made at the criminal court arraignment.
- We are going to thoroughly analyze our clients RAP sheet, and understand any prior arrests, conviction and bench warrants. This way we can present our client in the best possible light before the arraignment judge.
- We are going to confirm the details of the CJA interview, and make sure that before we see the Judge any factor that is against releasing our client on his or her own recognizance ss corrected.
- We are going to be there for you from the moment we are hired, until the case is resolved. For over 36 years, the criminal lawyers at Spodek Law Group P.C. have been helping people navigate successfully the criminal justice system.
Call us 24 Hours a Day, 7 Days a Week. Call (212) 748-9243
Attest To The Arraignment Process
Arrest to Arraignment Process
Although the penal law and criminal procedure law in New York State is uniform each county has it’s own unique procedures. There are both formal procedures, and informal procedures. The criminal lawyers at Spodek Law Group P.C. have been representing individuals in the criminal courts of New York City for over 36 years. This article will walk you through the arrest to arraignment process in New York City
Often times a NYPD police officer will make an arrest based on the observation of criminal conduct. In this scenario, the police officer has basically two options as to how to process the new arrest. Unfortunately, both options involve the individual being brought to the NYPD station for processing. The first option is for the NYPD to process the individual and then bring them directly to central booking for arraignment. The second option is for the NYPD police officer to issue a desk appearance ticket.
At the NYPD precinct, an individual will generally be placed in a holding cell with other prisoners who are going through the same process. It is at this critical juncture, that you want your NY criminal lawyer to be in touch with the assigned detective or arresting officer. A NY criminal attorney will immediately assert your right to remain silent, and demand that he or she be present for any line up procedures.
It is also at the initial precinct, in which a criminal lawyer or a family member or friend can obtain the arrest number. The arrest number is the unique number which is used the track someone through the criminal justice system.
NYC Arrest Numbers
The arrest number will correspond with the borough in which the individual was arrested in.
Manhattan Arrest Numbers starts with a M, and will be in this format: M123456
Brooklyn Arrest Numbers start with a K (for King’s County) and will be in this format: K123456
Bronx Arrest Numbers start with a B and will be in this format: B123456
Staten Island Arrest Numbers start with a R (for Richmond County) and will be in this format: R123456
Queens Arrest Numbers start with Q and will be in this format: Q123456
The initial arrest is the first in a series of events prior to the arraignment. From the moment an individual is arrested, until the moment they are arraigned the process usually takes 24 hours. Depending on certain factors, the arraignment can be expedited to a shorter period. However, it can also be greater than 24 hours.
Once at the NYPD precinct, the Police Officer must start the arrest processing. This is the taking of the individuals fingerprints and photographs as well as obtaining the individuals personal information. The personal information is referred to as the pedigree information. That is usually the name, date of birth, home address for an individual. The next step is the litany of mandatory police paperwork that needs to be filled out for each new arrest.
Early Case Assessment Bureau (“ECAB”)
Once the arresting police officer has finished filling out all of the necessary paperwork, he or she will then send the file to the local district attorneys officer for arraignment processing. Each borough in New York, has their own district attorneys office and central booking. At each district attorneys office is the early case assessment bureau which is where new cases are filed. Once the Police file is filed with ECAB, an assigned district attorney will review the file to determine whether criminal charges will be brought (if so, what charges) or whether the district attorney’s office will decline to prosecute the case. This is commonly referred to as DP’ing the case.
If the district attorney’s office decides to take the criminal case, they will need to prepare various paperwork for the arraignment. This will include the criminal complaint, the RAP (record of arrests and prosecution) sheet, statement notice, identification notice, grand jury notice, wiggins letter, orders of protection, various waivers and other legal forms. In certain counties, the district attorneys office will assemble the full file in others they will transfer it to the Police Department’s room where the defendants RAP sheet will be and the file will be assembled there. Once this is completed, the file will be transferred to the arraignment clerks office.
This a critical step in the arrest to arraignment process because once the file reaches out the arraignment clerk’s office is assigned a docket number. A docket number identifies the case as being on the courts criminal calendar for arraignments. The docket number will start with the year and the county abbreviations. This is also when the clerk’s office notifies central booking to move the inmate upstairs to the pens adjacent to the arraignment court. At this point, the defendant will have an opportunity to speak to his or her criminal lawyer. The sooner a criminal lawyer has the chance to interview his or her client, the sooner he will be prepared to make a compelling argument to the judge why the client should be released on his her own recognizance without any bail. Think about it, a public defendant starts working on the case moments before the arraignment. Whereas, a private criminal lawyer has a chance to start working on the case moments after the arrest. By the time the arraignment comes along, the lawyer can be well prepared for smooth arraignment.
Criminal Justice Agency (“CJA”) Interview
At some point once a defendant is at central booking they will be interviewed by the CJA regarding their ties to the community. The purpose of this interview is to provide the arraignment Judge with a neutral understanding of the defendant ties to the community.
The CJA representative will need to answer the following eight questions:
- Has the defendant lived at their current address for 1.5 years or more?
- Do the defendant live with a parent, spouse, common law spouse of six months, grandparent or legal guardian?
- Does the defendant have a working telephone in the residence or cell phone?
- Does the defendant report a NYC working address?
- Is the defendant employed, or in school or training program, full time?
- Does the defendant expect someone at arraignment?
- Does prior warrant equal zero?
- Does open cases equal zero?
Criminal Court Arraignment
In the arraignment courtroom, there are few critical players. There are the court officers, the district attorneys office, the Judge, and the criminal defense lawyer. Everyone has a specific role to play and specific duties to accomplish. Once the case is ready to be called, the bridge officer who is the court officer who stands between the arraignment Judge and the area in which the defendant, assistant district attorney and the defense attorney stands hands the file to the arraignment Judge and call’s it into the record. The bridge officer will announce the name of the case into the record. Everything that is said or done in the courtroom will be transcribed by the court stenographer into the official court record.
In New York City, a criminal defense is allowed by law to a formal reading of the charges lodged against him. However, due to the sheer amount of arrests being processed by NYC Central Booking defense attorney waive the readings but not the underlying rights.
The district attorney who is standing up for arraignment purposes will provide the Judge a brief factual summary of the criminal charges and then make a request for bail, or consent to the defendant release. The defense attorney will then have the opportunity to make the case why there should be no bail or why the defendant should be released on his or her own recognizance.
Bail & Bail Bondsmen
If you are paying cash bail at any New York City Department of Corrections facility, you will only be permitted to pay in the following formats:
- U.S. cash dollars for the full amount
- Cashiers check for any dollar amount. However, it can not exceed the bail amount.
- Teller’s check for any dollar amount. However, it can not exceed the bail amount.
- A bank money order for up to $1,000.00
- Federal Express money order for up to $1,000.00
- A U.S. Postal money order for up to $1,000.00
- A Western union money order for up to $1,000
- A Travelers Express Company order order for up to $1,000
- GOV-PAY via a credit or debit card
It is important to note that you can have as many money orders and checks as needed to pay the full bail. You can also combine money orders and checks along with cash to pay the exact bail.
Cash bail can be paid at any of the NYC jails. However, whenever possible bail should be paid at the courthouse in which the defendant has been arraigned. The checks should be made payable to the facility that the inmate is housed in. Checks should never be made payable to the department of corrections.
Brooklyn Detention Complex
275 Atlantic Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11201
Manhattan Detention Complex (commonly referred to as the Tombs)
125 White Street
New York, NY 10013
Queens House of Detention
126-02 82nd Avenue
Queens, NY 11415
Rikers Island Central Cashier
11-11 Hazen Street
East Elmhurst, NY 11370
If you are paying bail at any of the NYC Criminal Courts:
New York Criminal Court
100 Centre Street
New York, NY 10013
Bronx Criminal Court
265 E. 161st Street
Bronx, NY 10451
Brooklyn Criminal Court
120 Schermerhorn Street
Brooklyn, NY 11201
Staten Island Criminal Court
67 Targee Street
Staten Island, NY 10304
Queens Criminal Court
125-01 Queens Blvd.
Queens, NY 11415
Generally people post bail at a courthouse directly after the criminal court arraignment, the supreme court arraignment or a routine court appearance. Whoever is posting the bail should alert the court officer in the court part and let them know. Bail paid at any criminal court house can only be paid in cash, no checks. The general rule is that bail can not be posted by credit card. However, Judges in certain counties have allowed it. It’s best to check with your criminal lawyer regarding your options.
If you are posting bail with a bail bondsman, make sure they are licensed by New York State. A bail bond is basically an insurance policy. The bail bond company is insuring that the defendant will return to each and every court date until the criminal case is finished. The bail bondsman has a process in which they will underwrite the bond, and setup indemnification of the bail bond. The bail bondsman require a percentage of the bond amount in order for them to post the bond on the defendant’s behalf. There are two fees in dealing with bail bonds. One is the premium payment, and two is the collateral. The collateral is the posting of something of value to ensure the defendant’s return to court.
What is the Premium Fee for a Bail Bond?
The bail bondsman will charge the surety a percentage of the bail amount as set by New York State Law. This fee ranges between 6.2% to 10% of the total bond that is posted. This is statutory. A Bail Bondman might also charge additional fees.
Various Types of Collateral for Bail Bonds
- Certified funds
- Real Estate
- Business Interest
- Savings Account
New York State Bail Bondsman Are Not Allowed To Accept for Collateral:
- Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
- Public Assistance (Welfare)
- Alimony or Child Support
- Unemployment Benefits
- Disability Benefits
- Workers Compensation Benefits
- Public or Private Pensions
- Veterans Benefits